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Chlamydia is the most common sexually transmitted disease in the United States.
What Is Chlamydia?

Chlamydia is a bacterial infection. It is the most common sexually transmitted disease in the United States. An estimated three million people contract chlamydia each year, with the highest rates of infection among young people under age 25. While chlamydia can be easily cured with antibiotics, it can have severe consequences, particularly for women, if left untreated. Untreated chlamydia can lead to pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), tubal pregnancies, and infertility.

How Is It Spread?

Chlamydia is passed primarily through genital or anal sex. It also can be transmitted through oral sex. Chlamydia can be passed from mother to baby during delivery.

What Are the Symptoms?

Most people infected with chlamydia have NO symptoms. If symptoms are present, they may include vaginal discharge/discharge from the penis, pain or burning during urination, lower-abdominal pain, spotting between periods (women), or swelling or pain in the testicles (men).

How Is It Diagnosed?

Visit your health-care provider or a family-planning clinic and ask to be tested.

How Is It Treated?

Several commonly used antibiotics are effective in treating chlamydia. Sexual partners must be treated at the same time.

How Can I Protect Myself?

Use a latex condom correctly each time you have vaginal, anal, or oral sex.

Information Resources

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From the National Family Planning and Reproductive Health Association Copyright 2003. All rights reserved.