Brewing the Perfect Pot
You'll need a kettle, a teapot, a timer, an instant-read thermometer and, for loose-leaf tea, an infuser and a measuring spoon. Elaine Terman, proprietor of Elaine's Tea Shoppe in Sylvania, Ohio, offers a method for making a perfect infusion every time:
- Begin with fresh, cold water, preferably filtered to remove chemical tastes, such as chlorine. Bring the water to a boil in a teakettle. Pour some of the hot water into the teapot to warm it up (if you start with a cold pot, it will chill the water in which you steep the tea to a temperature that's below optimum). Swirl the hot water around, then discard it.
- Place the leaves or bags directly in the warmed pot or use the infuser. The general rule is about one teaspoon (or tea bag) for each cup of tea, plus one for the pot to ensure that the resulting brew is full flavored.
- Pour the hot water over the leaves or bags immediately if you're making black tea, or let the water cool slightly for other types. Oolongs should be steeped at 185 to 200 degrees F., and green and white teas at 175 to 180 degrees F.
- Let the tea steep. Oolongs should generally sit for one to two minutes for optimal flavor, while green tea needs two to three minutes. Black teas typically require three to five minutes to be at their best and white teas five to seven minutes. The longer the steeping time, the more bitter the beverage will be. If you prefer a brew with some brawn, you should add more leaves, not more time.
- If you've made black tea, you might try adding milk or lemon and a sweetener such as honey or sugar. Avoid using cream, which is heavy and overpowering. Experts say that Asian-style brews, such as green or oolong, are best enjoyed plain.
Now that you know how to brew tea properly, you can make yourself a pot, share this comforting drink with a friend, or throw a party. Tea goes well with food ranging from light sandwiches, scones, and sweets to something heartier, such as a buffet of casseroles, salads, bread and cheese, fruit pies, and cake, says Elizabeth Knight, author of Tea with Friends. "Everything except the tea can be made ahead of time, so you can be a guest at your own gathering," says Knight. Your only responsibility when your visitors arrive is to relax and enjoy the occasion.Good-for-You Brews
Health benefits are as much a driver of Americans' new interest in tea as is taste. According to the experts, drinking tea regularly may lower the risk of cardiovascular disease, help prevent certain cancers, boost the immune system, and reduce stress levels. Antioxidants found in tea are even said to assist in reducing body fat. And the drink contains only about one-third of the caffeine of a comparable amount of brewed coffee. "Today's consumers are looking for a healthy alternative to coffee, and tea is a great option," comments Kari Ginal, head of business development for Argo Tea, a four-year-old Chicago company with seven tea shops and an online store.
-- Additional writing and reporting by Kristen O'Gorman
For more information and tastings in your area, contact Info@teausa.org.
Originally published in Ladies' Home Journal, August 2007.