Cosmetic Clues: 6 Beauty Problems That Could Affect Your Health
When you look into the mirror to wash your face or put on mascara, do you notice anything new -- a funky red patch or a bump that hasn't healed? When you blow-dry your hair, does it seem to be thinning on top? Sometimes monitoring your looks can help you monitor your health. Get the details to determine whether it's time to make an appointment with your doctor.Hair Loss
It's probably just: stress, genetics, or hormonal changes.
Female hair loss is pretty common and can happen at any age, says Pamela Peeke, MD, a professor at the University of Maryland School of Medicine and author of Body-for-Life for Women. In many cases it's genetic, but stress, general anesthesia, a recent illness, or extreme dieting can also cause your hair to shed, sometimes over several months. Hormonal changes also affect hair growth, so you might see more hair loss when you're pregnant or when you go on or off birth control pills. During the perimenopause years, you lose estrogen more quickly than you lose testosterone, and those higher male hormone levels can cause your hair to thin, too. Try to reduce stress and eat a healthy diet, and be sure to talk to your doctor about testing your hormones. If your hair loss is severe, discuss topical treatments such as Rogaine or more aggressive options like transplants.
But it could be: low thyroid.
Your thyroid gland helps regulate your metabolism and can become underactive (hypothyroidism) or overactive (hyperthyroidism). In either case you may have gradual hair loss, says Erik Alexander, MD, an endocrinologist at Brigham and Women's Hospital in Boston. Hashimoto's disease, an autoimmune disorder in which your immune system produces antibodies that attack the thyroid gland, is the most common cause of hypothyroidism in women. Besides losing hair on your head, you may lose the outer portion of your eyebrows, feel cold all the time, have dull hair and skin, unexplained weight gain, constipation, and fatigue. Unfortunately, thyroid symptoms can be vague and it's easy for doctors to overlook them, says Dr. Alexander. But it's essential to get tested and treated with thyroid-replacement meds because hypothyroidism puts you at risk for high cholesterol, hypertension, and even heart failure.
It's probably just: that you sweat more than other people.
It's called hyperhidrosis, which makes you sweat up to four times the amount needed to regulate body temperature. Three percent of people have it and women report it more than men do. You're not more anxious or overheated, you just have a nervous system that's tuned to sweat more, says David J. Leffell, MD, a professor of dermatology and surgery at Yale School of Medicine. If an antiperspirant with aluminum chloride doesn't work, Botox injections might. They paralyze the sweat glands and decrease sweating. The procedure, which may be covered by insurance, usually needs to be repeated every two to three months.
But it could be: an overactive thyroid.
Graves' disease, the number one cause of hyperthyroidism, most often affects women under 40. In addition to sweating and thinning hair, symptoms include losing weight when you're not trying to, bulging eyes, anxiety, rapid heartbeat, and intolerance to heat. Hyperthyroidism can contribute to heart problems and osteoporosis, so if you have symptoms, ask your doctor for a thyroid blood test. Various treatments destroy the overactive cells and decrease the amount of hormone the gland makes. Then you'll probably need to take thyroid-replacement meds for life.
It's probably just: a natural part of aging.
Your oil glands get smaller as you get older, which leads to drier skin, says Dr. Leffell. Sun damage and decreased cell renewal also contribute to it, as does being dehydrated. Medications for high blood pressure, antihistamines, and retinoid therapies for acne and anti-aging can also make it worse, says Dr. Peeke. You can improve your dry skin by tweaking your beauty routine. Try shorter, cooler showers and trade in harsh bar soap for a mild, creamy cleanser. Afterward, apply a skin cream that contains a humectant like glycerin. Drinking more water may help, too.
But it could be: psoriasis.
When skin cells grow too quickly and your body doesn't shed them normally, the cells pile up and form thick, scaly patches, often on your arms and legs, scalp, palms, and soles of your feet, says rheumatologist Scott Zashin, MD, a clinical professor at the University of Texas Southwestern Medical School at Dallas. Psoriasis is most common in women between 30 and 50. Genetics and an overactive immune system may both play a role. It's important to get it diagnosed because research shows that people with severe psoriasis are at higher risk for heart attack, stroke, skin cancer, and lymphoma. Treatments include oral, topical, and injectable medications and phototherapy using a certain wavelength of UVB light.