By Chana Stiefel
What it entails: The surgeon makes a long incision from hip bone to hip bone, just above the pubic area. Next, the skin is lifted from the abdominal wall all the way up to the ribs. The vertical muscles are tightened by pulling and stitching them together, producing a firmer abdominal wall and narrower waistline. The doctor then stretches the skin flap downward and extra skin is removed.